Taiwan will host a high-level delegation from Somalia’s breakaway Somaliland region this week, as the self-governing island pursues diplomacy in Africa in the face of Chinese pressure to limit its international footprint.
Somaliland broke away from Somalia in 1991 but has not gained widespread international recognition for its independence. The region has been mostly peaceful while Somalia has grappled with three decades of civil war.
Meanwhile, China considers Taiwan as its own and tensions have escalated as the Chinese military has conducted repeated air missions over the Taiwan Strait and Beijing has stepped up pressure on Taipei to accept its sovereignty claims.
Taiwan and Somaliland set up representative offices in each other’s capitals in 2020.
Both China and Somalia have expressed their opposition to Taiwan and Somaliland’s forging of ties.
Taiwan’s Foreign Ministry said Somaliland’s foreign, finance, development and fisheries and agriculture ministers will visit from Tuesday to Saturday, and meet Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen as well as other top officials.
They will also meet executives from state-owned oil firm CPC, a ministry statement added.
Somaliland “shares the universal values of freedom and democracy with Taiwan, and follows the rule of law and attaches importance to human rights”, it said.
Taiwan has been all but driven out of Africa diplomatically by China in recent years, with only tiny eSwatini now maintaining full relations with the island.
China has ramped up pressure on countries not to engage with Taiwan as it seeks to assert its sovereignty claims.
Taiwan has been keen to show it is a selfless development partner for Somaliland and last month donated 150,000 doses of its domestically developed Medigen Covid-19 vaccine.